As the fighting intensifies in and around Mosul, the humanitarian crisis in Iraq continues to worsen. As part of its response to the widespread medical needs, Médecins Sans Frontières has established one field hospital with surgical capacity about 30 km north of the city and is setting up another in Qayyarah, some 60 km to the south.
“The objective of these hospitals is to treat patients severely wounded because of the ongoing fighting,” said Barbara Turchet, Médecins Sans Frontières Head of Mission in Iraq. “The hospital north of Mosul is located on the main road to Dohuk and aims to provide stabilization and lifesaving emergency surgery. For the most critically wounded in this area, offering care as close as possible to the front lines can be a matter of life or death. Among the first patients to be admitted were a family whose house was hit by a rocket. Two members of the family were treated in the Médecins Sans Frontières facility. Two others were stabilized and referred to the hospital in Al Shekhan. Most of the patients treated or stabilized in the field hospital thus far had injuries caused by shrapnel or gunshots.”
The field hospital being set up in Qayyarah comes in response to medical needs teams are seeing south of Mosul. As with the other facility to the north, the goal is to provide surgical capacity within the compound of the existing Primary Health Care Centre (PHCC) in Qayyarah—as close to the frontlines as possible. The emergency room and the hospitalisation wards are ready. The surgical facility is being installed temporarily under inflatable tents, pending the completion of a more robust structure inside retrofitted shipping containers. Both field hospitals are linked to pre-existing medical facilities in nearby cities. Patients are being transported between them by ambulances managed by the Directorate of Health (DoH). The medical teams in the Médecins Sans Frontières facilities are made up of staff seconded from the DoH who are now working in concert with international Médecins Sans Frontières staff.
To further enhance our response, we are planning to deploy advanced medical posts even closer to the frontlines, sites where patients can be stabilized before referral for surgery at the two field hospitals. Médecins Sans Frontières mobile teams already providing medical and mental health care to internally displaced people in Erbil and Ninewa governorates have expanded their reach to those most recently displaced by the Mosul campaign and now residing in camps in Zelekan (northwest of Erbil) and Hasansham (west of Erbil).