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Iraq

OUR COVID-19 RESPONSE IN IRAQ

In Iraq, the highest toll of infections and deaths due to COVID-19 has been reported in the capital, Baghdad.  

On 1 April 2020 we started supporting Ibn El Khateeb Hospital, one of three Ministry of Health hospital hospitals treating COVID-19 patients in Baghdad. Our team assessed the hospital’s readiness to deal with the outbreak and started providing hospital staff with training on infection prevention and control (IPC), and triage.   

MSF is also supporting local health authorities outside of Baghdad. In Ninewa governate in Mosul we have equipped a building in the Ministry of Health-run Al Salam hospital complex for isolation of patients suspected to have COVID-19. We are also in the process of converting our own post-operative care facility in the same complex to assist the adjacent Al Shifaa hospital in treating COVID-19 patients. Al Shifaa was rebuilt by MSF in 2019 and is now being used as the main COVID-19 referral point for patients in Ninewa. MSF is supporting Al Shifaa by setting up 62 isolation wards and 30 beds for mild and severe case management in its centre for post-operative care. 

MSF is providing technical support including infection prevention and control training in Ibn El Khateeb Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq. © MSF

In Erbil and Dohuk, MSF teams are collaborating with three hospitals designated for the pandemic response, providing technical support on IPC, patient triage, and mental health support. 

We are triaging patients in camps in Kirkuk and Hawijah in preparation for possible local outbreaks of COVID-19. We continue to train both healthcare and non-medical staff on personal protective equipment and IPC. Two caravans are being built with a capacity of ten beds each to support the treatment of mild COVID-19 patients. 

MSF is continuing activities in its projects in Ninewa, Diyala, Kirkuk and Baghdad, providing emergency, surgical, neonatal, paediatric and maternity care, and non-communicable disease and mental health services. We are also reinforcing their capacity in triage and IPC, and to refer cases to ministry hospitals according to the protocol established by the health authorities.

 

Can you make a donation to support our COVID-19 response?

Right now, Médecins Sans Frontières is providing much needed support and medical care in over 30 countries to counter the COVID-19 pandemic.
 
Our teams are also gearing up to confront potential outbreaks in the hundreds of areas we were already working before the pandemic struck. We are deploying medical staff, sending supplies and applying nearly 50 years of experience fighting epidemics to protect the most vulnerable and save lives.
 
Can you help increase our capacity to respond by making a donation to our COVID-19 Crisis Appeal?

 

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The heartland of the Islamic Empire in the middle ages, Iraq gained independence from Britain in 1932. In 2003, the US-led invasion resulted in clashes for control among governments and insurgents, including al-Qaeda. Instability and sabotage have obstructed efforts to rebuild an economy shattered by decades of conflict and sanctions, even though Iraq has the world's second-largest reserves of crude oil.

The mainly Shia-led governments that have held power since have struggled to maintain order, and the country has enjoyed only brief periods of respite from high levels of sectarian violence.

MSF has been working in Iraq since 2003, providing primary and secondary healthcare, services for expectant and new mothers, treatment for chronic diseases, surgery and rehabilitation for war-wounded, mental health support and health education activities.

We have steadily increased our response during 2016, deploying teams to provide emergency and basic medical care, maternal care and mental health services, as well as providing essential relief items to displaced families, returnees, impoverished host communities and Syrian refugees.

NFI distribution in Mosul's Old City

Support for Displaced People 

Armed conflict since 2014 has displaced millions of people. More than two million people have returned home as remaining cities are re-taken from the terrorist group, Islamic State, but a significant number have nowhere to return to. Many remain in camps, while others are living in schools, mosques and unfinished buildings. 

In internally displaced people’s (IDP) camps close to Mosul and Erbil, MSF works in six locations providing mental healthcare and treatment for non-communicable diseases, such as diabetes. The mental health services include psychological and psychiatric consultations, group therapy, psycho-social counselling and child therapy. 

Accessing healthcare services is a daily challenge for thousands of children and adults in Mosul. The city’s population is increasing by the day. In May 2018 alone, almost 46,000 people returned to Mosul. But the public health system is not recovering and there is a huge gap between the available services and the needs of the growing population.

Heman Nagarathnam
MSF’s head of mission in Iraq

Mother and Child Care

A significant number of women deliver at home without the help of skilled birth attendants. We provide antenatal and postnatal care, as well as services for complicated and non-complicated deliveries, and family planning. MSF mobile teams and clinics offer basic emergency obstetric and neonatal care, manage minor obstetric complications, and refer patients with more serious obstetric problems hospitals.

Conflict response and rehabilitation

War-related trauma cases are decreasing but the security situation remains fragile. We opened a second operating theatre at our emergency field hospital in Qayyarah, northern Iraq, in March 2018. We've also provided hospitals in Erbil, Zakho and Dohuk with medical supplies for treating the wounded.

Many trauma patients will need multiple surgeries, regular dressing changes, pain management, and physiotherapy. MSF has built a post-operative care facility in Mosul and opened a medical rehabilitation centre in Baghdad. Improving patients' post-surgical recovery processes will help prevent complications and physical and psychological impairments.

Iraq - East Mosul (August 2018)

Mental Healthcare

The psychological and emotional scars of the war are immense. MSF teams focus on increasing psychological support for the growing number of people who have been traumatised by the recurrent violence and their precarious living conditions. 

In Mosul, much of the old city is still inaccessible due to the destruction and presence of improvised explosive devices (IEDs), unexploded ordinance (UXO) and booby traps. Despite the danger of explosive remnants of war, thousands of people have returned to their homes, facing extremely difficult conditions, often living without water and electricity, and in partially damaged houses.

MSF psychiatrists, psychologists and counsellors give vital care and support to people with post-traumatic stress syndrome, depression, schizophrenia and severe anxiety. Mental health and psycho-social support are an integral part of our projects in Iraq, for both Iraqis and Syrian refugees. 

Find out more about Iraq