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South Sudan


Our concerns

MedicalConcurrent emergencies
The existing conditions in South Sudan pose difficulties in managing and containing the spread of the virus. Preventing and treating malnutrition, respiratory tract infections and malaria is made more challenging by the resurgence of violence around Yei and poor access to water, soap and physical distancing. 

Our response

MedicalEquipping healthcare staff 
We continue to support the Ministry of Health in the Juba Teaching Hospital with infection prevention and control training.  

MedicalCommunity education 
We are engaging with communities in South Sudan to raise awareness of COVID-19 prevention and symptoms. 

MedicalTesting and triage 
MSF has set up four COVID-19 testing facilities outside of Juba, adding to the 23 testing facilities across the country.   

MedicalProviding care in MSF-run facilities
We continue to isolate and treat patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 in all our projects across the country. MSF operates four testing facilities outside of Juba in Lankien, Agok, Bentiu IDP camp and Malakal town. 

MedicalSupporting health authorities
We are supporting the Ministry of Health with vaccination activities in Ulang, where we are the only healthcare provider.  

Closed COVID-19 projects

  • We have fully phased out the water and sanitation component of our COVID-19 response. It can be quickly scaled up if needed. 
  • We have handed over infection prevention and control measures and COVID-19 screening activities to the Ministry of Health in Juba Teaching Hospital. We have also finished our technical support in the NPHL warehouse, which has ensured improved and efficient stock management for COVID-19 testing.

Will you support our COVID-19 response?

Médecins Sans Frontières is providing support and medical care around the world to counter the COVID-19 pandemic. We’re providing essential care through dedicated COVID-19 facilities, equipping frontline medical staff with PPE and training, and supporting health authorities through testing and community education.

With 50 years of experience fighting epidemics, we’re committed to protecting the most vulnerable and saving lives.

Can you help increase our capacity to respond by making a donation to our COVID-19 Crisis Appeal?



South Sudan gained independence from Sudan in 2011 as the outcome of a 2005 peace deal that ended Africa’s longest civil war. However, since December 2013, conflict in South Sudan has resulted in extreme violence, mass displacement, and the deaths of tens of thousands of people.

Médecins Sans Frontières has been operating in the area that now constitutes South Sudan for more than 30 years, responding to conflicts, neglected diseases and assisting with healthcare infrastructure.

MSF teams provide basic and specialised healthcare in hospitals and clinics throughout the country. Our teams are constantly on the move to provide displaced people with medical care, and to offer support to healthcare programs and organisations, such as International Medical Corps, South Sudan Red Cross, and Health Link South Sudan.
We also provide much-needed medical and mental health care in Protection of Civilians (PoC) camps, where hundreds of thousands of people remain trapped in hostile and deplorable conditions.

Conflict response

Medical care has come under attack time and again in South Sudan, with patients shot in their beds, wards burned to the ground and medical equipment stolen. Hundreds of thousands of people have been denied lifesaving assistance because of these acts.
Our South Sudanese staff have continued to care for patients while hiding from violence. Since the beginning of the crisis in South Sudan, MSF has called on all parties to respect medical facilities, and to allow aid organisations to access affected communities.


Living conditions in Malakal PoC

Healthcare response in rural South Sudan

Medical care is practically non-existent for people living in remote areas of South Sudan, even those spared from much of the violence associated with the war. We run hospitals and clinics and support existing state facilities, with particular focus on maternal, paediatric and neonatal care, and outbreak response. MSF also set up a system in which South Sudanese staff travel with displaced people to provide medical care, including for victims of sexual violence.

Malaria is one of the leading causes of illness and death in South Sudan, especially among children. In cooperation with the Ministry of Health, MSF teams assist in outbreak response, mass vaccination campaigns, and direct treatment. We train community healthcare workers, run outreach and preventive activities such as vaccination campaigns. MSF staff respond to cholera outbreaks, by setting up treatment centres and field hospitals, and support remote communities with decentralised care.

The normal practice in this area is for women to deliver at home with a traditional birth attendant, and this might mean they don't receive proper antenatal care and that complications are not anticipated. We work a lot in the community to encourage women to receive prenatal care and deliver in the hospital, because it is safer for the mother and the baby... It's important to engage with communities in these hard-to-reach areas.

Dr. Adi Nadimpalli
MSF Medical Coordinator for South Sudan

Access to health care is extremely limited in South Sudan, and MSF's hospital in Old Fangak is often the only place people in the region can receive treatment for serious medical conditions. Patients often have to walk for several hours on foot, and travel through harsh weather to reach the hospital from remote villages. The distance and long journey makes it especially difficult for patients with emergency needs, including women with complications during childbirth.

MSF staff carry out emergency nutritional interventions in response to reports of alarming levels of malnutrition, especially in Mayendit and Leer counties. We also treat the parasitic disease visceral leishmaniasis (also known as kala azar), which is transmitted by sandflies and has a 95% mortality rate if left untreated.

Old Fangak Stories

Sudanese Refugees

MSF continues to provide healthcare to people within United Nations Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites. These sites were set up as a temporary solution for people fleeing violence in December 2013, but in the years since, hundreds of thousands remain trapped in the hostile camps, exposed to poor sanitation and hazardous living conditions.

MSF staff provide medical care, surgical services, and support for victims of sexual and gender-based violence.

MSF continues to work in camps for Sudanese refugees in several regions, managing inpatient departments, an inpatient feeding centre, a neonatal unit and coordinating treatment for HIV and tuberculosis (TB).

Find out more about South Sudan