On Sunday 10 September 2023, Storm Daniel, which had already caused extensive damage in Spain and Greece, strengthened as it passed over the Mediterranean Sea before making landfall on the coast of Libya. The strong winds and intense rainfall caused two dams to burst upstream of the coastal city of Derna in northeastern Libya. At around 2.30 am on 11 September, a deadly wave engulfed part of the city centre, destroying apartment buildings and sweeping away thousands of sleeping residents in a torrent of mud.
Just as photos show clocks found in the rubble stuck at the precise time the tragedy struck, three months after the disaster official figures have stopped at 4,500 dead and more than 8,000 missing. Meanwhile the survivors are struggling to deal with their shock and grief.
"Derna is currently in a terrible state of grief and silence,” says MSF psychologist Asma Amaraa. “People are still in constant mourning."