Since 2018, MSF has been supporting a series of eye camps in Somalia, providing treatment and surgery for a range of debilitating eye conditions.
Ranging from cataract surgery to treatment for eye diseases to prescribing glasses, the camps provide a one-stop shop for essential eye healthcare.
“Eye problems, like many other health issues in Somalia, often go untreated,” says Dr Fuad, MSF medical coordinator for Somalia.
“Common conditions such as cataracts all too often lead to blindness if left untreated. Losing one’s sight – which often leads to losing one’s livelihood – can be devastating, especially in a country where many people face a daily struggle to survive due to internal conflict and chronic poverty. Which is why this relatively simple surgery has a huge impact on patients’ lives, improving their chances of living a dignified and healthy life.”
The eye camps are held at local hospitals and clinics and include screening, surgery, treatment, health education and counselling. Since commencing the camps, the teams of eye specialists have reached thousands of people living with eye diseases, in many cases helping them to regain their sight.
“There is a lot of organisation and preparation for each camp,” says Dr Fuad “especially as we have to manage the camps remotely and work with local partners due to security reasons. In the weeks before a camp, we will spread the word that an eye camp is going to occur and, in the days leading up to it, will hold a range of clinics where people are screened to ascertain if they need surgery, glasses, further examination or medical treatment.”
“Eye problems, like many other health issues in Somalia, often go untreated,”
In Burhakaba, where MSF is currently conducting a new eye camp, Dr Said, ophthalmologist for the local eye care service provider that MSF supports, explains the initial outreach work.
“Since last month, we’ve been doing outreach activities in the area. We’ve been talking to community leaders, running radio ads, getting the word out on social media about the eye camps, and encouraging people to come and benefit from the free screening services on offer. Nobody has offered services like these here for almost 20 years.”
“Because of insecurity, we’ve had to come into the area discreetly and unnoticed. We’re about two hours’ drive from Baidoa and there are some difficult zones to traverse between there and here because of the security situation. We have to be very careful when we’re driving. When we finish the eye camp, we will pack up and be just as discreet when we leave.
“So far, we have done about 4,000 screenings at the clinic. Of those, almost 2,000 were adults screened for cataracts and other ocular diseases such as glaucoma. Our team includes two ophthalmologists, two optometrists and a number of opticians, and we’ve now started the surgeries. We have done about 500 so far, and we’ll work here for another two weeks. It’s going very well.”
Weeks of outreach work, screening and preparation are needed so that, by the time the surgeons arrive, everything is in place. Cataract surgery is done under local anaesthetic and is a relatively short procedure, lasting five to ten minutes.
On average, about 4,000 people are treated during each camp.
“Many of our patients have bilateral cataracts,” says Dr Said. “Most days, many of them just sit in their houses, unable to be productive, because they can’t see.”
“After we operate, they’re shocked that they simply can see again. It’s amazing for all of us to witness those moments. Every time it happens, it is very moving to see the patient’s reaction. Most of our cataract patients are elderly. Some have told us that for a decade or more they haven’t been able to see. You can’t see your children, you can’t see your grandchildren and then, all of a sudden, you can. It’s very special.”
“What we’re doing here is not complicated, even the surgery,” says Dr Fuad “But it’s completely transformative for the people treated. Overnight, people can have their vision and their independence restored to them. The results are immediate and tangible. One man we operated on had been blind for five years but was suddenly able to see.”
MSF also supports providing school-age children with free eye services, many of whom have never had an eye test before. In one eye camp run by MSF in the Hudur region of Somalia, more than 4,000 schoolchildren had their eyes tested. Every child who needed glasses was provided with prescription lenses and standard plastic frames.
“Many children have been struggling to see the lessons at school,” says Dr Fuad. “Then they come to the eye camp, they are provided with a prescription and free glasses, and their performance, their ability to learn, their quality of life and their options for the future are all improved.
“The standard plastic frames that we provide are simple and inexpensive but, like so much else about this project, they are completely lifechanging.”
Over the past five years, MSF has supported eye camps in various regional cities, including Baidoa, Burhakaba, Galkayo, Garbaharey, Dhobley, Bardheere, Hudur, Kismayo, Luuq and Mogadishu in Somalia and in Las Anod, Buhoodle and Erigavo in Somaliland.
Along with eye camps in Somalia and Somaliland, MSF teams work in hospitals in Baidoa in South West State, Galkayo North in Puntland state, Galkayo South in Galmudug state, and in Somaliland in Las Anod and Hargeisa. The main focus of our medical activities are maternal, paediatric, and emergency care, nutritional support, and diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis (TB). MSF also run mobile clinics to deliver care to people living in displacement camps and the surrounding communities.