India has suffered a particularly severe second wave of COVID-19, with more than 400,000 new infections registered on a single day—the highest ever daily count recorded globally. Since 30 January 2020, the country has accounted for 17 per cent of the world’s COVID-19 cases and almost 10 per cent of the global coronavirus related deaths. Having started in March 2021, the 2nd wave in India is currently declining, although underreporting and access to testing affect the reliability of data and epidemiological trends can vary significantly from one place to another.
In Mumbai, a densely populated city in the state of Maharashtra where 42 per cent of the population are living in low-income housing, the poor living conditions and lack of hygiene facilities have put people at high risk as coronavirus spreads. Maharashtra accounted for more than 20 per cent of India’s confirmed new cases of coronavirus in April. MSF is responding in Mumbai through dedicated treatment facilities and community testing and education programs in order to slow the spread of coronavirus.